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Foster Family Care

Raising children and taking care of their development is primarily the right and responsibility of both parents. However, if the parents are not interested or able to take care of their children, causing the children to be unable to grow up in their own family, it is neccessary to look for a optimal form of foster care.   Removing the child away from the family is generally considered the utmost solution. Foster care is then provided during foster family care or institutional care. Foster family care gives children a chance to grow up in a natural family environment, which has a positive effect on their psychomotor and mental development. Based on the Family Act and international conventions foster family care precedes institutional care. Taking care of children in institutions replaces a family environment with difficulty and does not provide optimal conditions for a healthy development of a child. Consequences caused by child’s stay in an institution have been proved by numerous studies and researches.

Types of alternative family care

  • entrusting a child to the custody of an individual other than it’s parent
  • foster care
  • wardship
  • adoption

Foster care

Foster care is designed for children who are unable to grow up in their biological family, but are not legally free for adoption and were not entrusted to another person’s custody. The child is entrusted to foster care by a court decision and only the court can cancel the foster care. Foster care ends when the child reaches legal age.

This form of alternative family care ensures an adequate material security of the child as well as a remuneration to those who took the child. Parents of the child keep their parental responsibility ( rights and obligations towards the child to some extent – e.g. contact with the child ). Foster parents’ rights and obligations are defined by judicial decision. They take care of the child, are responsible for it’s education, represent the child. Foster parents are supported by the state for their activity via an adequate remuneration and also material security for the entrusted child.

Considering the difficulties of foster care, the foster parents are obligated to write an Agreement on performance of foster care with an accompanying organisation, that is supposed to be helping them via it’s provided services.

The goal of foster care is returning the child to it’s original family, if the conditions and possibilities of biological parents are adapted and suitable for it.

Foster care on a temporary basis

The main purpose is to give parents some time to arrange their conditions and situation, so that they are able to reclaim the child in their own custody, or to find a new suitable family for the child. Placement of the child into an institution is therefore avoided. It is an emergency institute and it is only transitional. Foter care on a temporary basis can last for one year maximum. The child is entrusted in a foster care on a temporary basis by a court decision and for following reasons:

  • the parent of the child can not temporarily take care of the child for severe reasons
  • we are waiting for the time, when it is possible to give the child for adoption
  • we are waiting for the final court decision on disinterest of the parents.

Foster care on a temporary basis can be only provided by a person profesionally trained and educated and included in a register of persons suitable to perform this type of alternative family care. An important assumption for performing this type of foster care is a professional approach, fulfilled parenthood and a certain level of maturity. The foster parent collects a financial remuneration, even in case they are waiting for another child to be entrusted to them.